The Ballad of Fair Rosamond - A 16th century ballad by Thomas Delaney


The Ballad of Fair Rosamond


When as King Henry rulde this land, The second of that name,
Besides the queene, he dearly lovde; A faire and comely dame.
Most peerlesse was her beautye founde, Her favour, and her face;
A sweeter creature in this worlde; Could never prince embrace.

Her crisped lockes like threads of golde, Appeard to each man's sight;
Her sparkling eyes, like Orient pearles, Did cast a heavenlye light.
The blood within her crystal cheekes; Did such a colour drive,
As though the lillye and the rose; For mastership did strive.

Yea Rosamonde, fair Rosamonde, Her name was called so,
To whom our queene, Dame Ellinor, Was known a deadlye foe.
The king therefore, for her defence; Against the furious queene,
At Woodstocke builded such a bower, The like was never seene.

Most curiously that bower was built, Of stone and timber strong;
An hundered and fifty doors; Did to this bower belong:
And they so cunninglye contriv'd, With turnings round about,
That none but with a clue of thread; Could enter in or out.

And for his love and ladyes sake, That was so faire and brighte,
The keeping of this bower he gave; Unto a valiant knighte.
But fortune, that doth often frowne; Where she before did smile,
The kinges delighte and ladyes joy; Full soon shee did beguile:

For why, the kinges ungracious sonne, Whom he did high advance,
Against his father raised warres; Within the realme of France.
But yet before our comelye king; The English land forsooke,
Of Rosamond, his lady faire, His farewelle thus he tooke:

My Rosamonde, my only Rose, That pleasest best mine eye,
The fairest flower in all the worlde; To feed my fantasye,--
"The flower of mine affected heart, Whose sweetness doth excelle,
My royal Rose, a thousand times; I bid thee nowe farwelle!

For I must leave my fairest flower, My sweetest Rose, a space,
And cross the seas to famous France, Proud rebelles to abase.
But yet, my Rose, be sure thou shalt; My coming shortlye see,
And in my heart, when hence I am, Ile beare my Rose with mee."

When Rosamond, that ladye brighte, Did heare the king saye soe,
The sorrowe of her grieved heart; Her outward lookes did showe.
And from her cleare and crystall eyes; The teares gusht out apace,
Which, like the silver-pearled dewe, Ranne downe her comely face.

Her lippes, erst like the corall redde, Did waxe both wan and pale,
And for the sorrow she conceivde; Her vitall spirits faile.
And falling downe all in a swoone; Before King Henryes face,
Full oft he in his princelye armes; Her bodye did embrace.

And twentye times, with watery eyes, He kist her tender cheeke,
Untill he had revivde againe; Her senses milde and meeke.
"Why grieves my Rose, my sweetest Rose?" The king did often say:
"Because," quoth shee, "to bloodye warres My lord must part awaye.

"But since your Grace on forrayne coastes, Amonge your foes unkinde,
Must goe to hazard life and limbe, Why should I staye behinde?
"Nay, rather let me, like a page, Your sworde and target beare;
That on my breast the blowes may lighte, Which would offend you there.

"Or lett mee, in your royal tent, Prepare your bed at nighte,
And with sweete baths refresh your grace, At your returne from fighte.
"So I your presence may enjoye; No toil I will refuse;
But wanting you, my life is death: Nay, death Ild rather chuse."

"Content thy self, my dearest love, Thy rest at home shall bee,
In Englandes sweet and pleasant isle; For travell fits not thee.
"Faire ladies brooke not bloodye warres; Soft peace their sexe delightes;
Not rugged campes, but courtlye bowers; Gay feastes, not cruell fightes.

"My Rose shall safely here abide, With musicke passe the daye,
Whilst I amonge the piercing pikes; My foes seeke far awaye.
"My Rose shall shine in pearle and golde, Whilst Ime in armour dighte;
Gay galliards here my love shall dance, Whilst I my foes goe fighte.

"And you, Sir Thomas, whom I truste; To bee my loves defence,
Be carefull of my gallant Rose; When I am parted hence."
And therewithall he fetcht a sigh, As though his heart would breake;
And Rosamonde, for very griefe, Not one plaine word could speake.

And at their parting well they mighte; In heart be grieved sore:
After that daye, faire Rosamonde; The king did see no more.
For when his Grace had past the seas, And into France was gone,
With envious heart, Queene Ellinor; To Woodstocke came anone.

And forth she calls this trustye knighte In an unhappy houre,
Who, with his clue of twined-thread, Came from this famous bower.
And when that they had wounded him, The queene this thread did gette,
And wente where Ladye Rosamonde; Was like an angell sette.

But when the queene with stedfast eye Beheld her beauteous face,
She was amazed in her minde; At her exceeding grace.
Cast off from thee those robes," she said, "That riche and costlye bee;
And drinke thou up this deadlye draught; Which I have brought to thee."

Then presentlye upon her knees; Sweet Rosamonde did falle;
And pardon of the queene she crav'd; For her offences all.
"Take pitty on my youthfull yeares," Faire Rosamonde did crye;
"And lett mee not with poison stronge; Enforc├Ęd bee to dye."

I will renounce my sinfull life, And in some cloyster bide;
Or else be banisht, if you please, To range the world soe wide.
"And for the fault which I have done, Though I was forc'd theretoe,
Preserve my life, and punish mee; As you thinke meet to doe."

And with these words, her lillie handes; She wrunge full often there;
And downe along her lovely face; Did trickle many a teare.
But nothing could this furious queene; Therewith appeased bee;
The cup of deadlye poyson stronge, As she knelt on her knee,

She gave this comelye dame to drinke; Who tooke it in her hand,
And from her bended knee arose, And on her feet did stand,
And casting up her eyes to heaven, Shee did for mercye calle;
And drinking up the poison stronge, Her life she lost withalle.

And when that death through everye limbe Had showde its greatest spite,
Her chiefest foes did plain confesse; Shee was a glorious wight.
Her body then they did entomb, When life was fled away,
At Godstowe, neare to Oxford towne, As may be seene this day.

Further Readingpic

Richmond Hill Dairies - Pemberton - These pages contain some personal memories from my youth and my association with Richmond Hill Dairies, a local business I grew up with and remember with some affection. A well known and important feature of the local community in its day and part of the heritage of Pemberton, this is my attempt to commit some small snapshot of its history to print, I hope these pages paint a worthy picture.
Mind Your Language - A humorous poem by "the bard of Haydock" George Anderton, inspired by memories of a trip to Bad Canstatt, Stuttgart Germany with the Haydock Male Voice Choir in 1975. This publication will bring a smile to the faces of not only those members who were there at the time and know the people involved but the wider population of Haydock as well who speak the language.
Wigan and the American Civil War - Wigan Coal and Iron Company, The Right Honourable John Lancaster MP for Wigan, the Confederate Raider Alabama, USS Kearsarge, Cherbourg and the yacht Deerhound all feature in the last great sea battle of the American Civil War.
Wigan Old Bank 1792 - A tragic boating accident on Windermere and a surprising journey through the social history of Wigan during the reign of Queen Victoria, highlighting the relationships between four families who played an important part in the commercial development of the town.
The Brocklebank Line - Daniel Brocklebank (1741-1801), shipbuilder and mariner, a brief biography, and some background detail of his family and the shipping line he founded.
Little Ships at Zeebrugge - An account of a heroic attempt to block the port of Zeebrugge during the first World War, to protect supply routes into the UK by denying enemy submarines based there access to the open sea.
A Cricket Calypso - A short biopic of cricketer Cyril Washbrook and a snapshot of his career including his role in the West Indies tour of 1950 recorded in the lyrics of the Cricket Calypso.
Not Much of a Warrior - Wigan RLFC in the fifties and sixties, through rose coloured glasses. A golden age of legendary players and memorable moments, along with some personal memories.

picFarthingale Publications:... Is a hobby web site containing articles of local interest to Lancastrians, some favourite walking and cycling routes, selected words and poetry, and some writings of more general nature as well as the authors own picture gallery. Access is available via the homepage and menu at the head of the page.

picLocal Interest: Richmond Hill Dairies; Mind Your Language; John Lancaster Wigan MP; Thomas Aspinwall Miners Agent; Thomas Aspinwall Obituary; Upholland Telephone Exchange; Thomas Linacre School Wigan; God's Choir; Scot Lane School Wigan; The Lindsays of Haigh; Dust Upon God's Fair Earth; The Nurburgring 1960; Wigan Advertisements 1960; Wigan Soldier Missing in Action; It's a Funny Life; Private Thomas Whitham VC; Isaac Watts 1674 - 1748; Wigan Old Bank 1792; The Brocklebank Line; John Byrom 1692 - 1793; The Holy City Liverpool; Jubilee Park Memorial, Ashton in Makerfield; Little Ships at War 1918; A Cricket Calypso; Not Much of a Warrior; Peveril of the Peak.
Walking & Cycling: Moss Eccles Tarn; Abbey Lakes to Coppull Moor; Chorley Ice Cream Walk; Douglas Valley Dawdle; Three Counties Cycle Ride; Haigh to Borsdane Wood; A Lancshire Linear Walk; Blackrod or Bust; Cycle the Sankey Valley; Cycle the Monsal Trail; Wigan Circular by Bike; Freshfield to Crosby; Irwell Valley Trail (Bury to Rawtenstall); Irwell Valley (Bury to Salford).
Words & Poetry: Wisdom; Only a Cranky Owd Foo'; Martin Chuzzlewit; Dover Harbour; Rogue Herries; The Heart of Midlothian; King Cotton; The Family Man; The Pickwick Papers; The Fair Rosamond; The Fair Rosamond Comic; A Legend of Montrose; When Winds Breathe Soft; The Wreck of the Hesperus; God Bless these Poor Wimmen that's Childer; Dombey and Son; Aw've Turned me bit O' Garden O'er; On Th' Hills; Four Favourite Poems; The Darkling Thrush; The Glory of the Garden; The Rolling English Road; The Antiquary; Hymn Before Action; Dust upon God's Fair Earth; Mind Your Language; Jeff Unsworth's dialect poetry; Martyrs of the Arena; Th' Coartin' Neet; Boat Song; Toddlin' Whoam; A Lancashire Mon; Calm is the Sea; The Bride of Lammermoor; Redgauntlet; A Tale of Two Cities.
Wallgate Chronicles: Little Dorrit; Hugo Boss comes to Wigan; In the footsteps of the Manchester Rambler; Fun with Trigonometry; Surprise at the Philharmonic; The Marriage of Figaro; Cat Bells; A Walk in the Hills; Eay Times Uv Changed; Fidelio; The Ravioli Room; Desert Island Discs; Travels in Time 1960; Travels in Time 2010; The Spectroscope; The Bohemian Girl; Bookcase; Barnaby Rudge; Romance on a Budget; The Battle of Solferino; The Getaway Car; The Switchroom Wigan; The Force of Destiny; Adolphe Adam; The Fair Maid of Perth; Ivanhoe; Semele; Lohengrin; The Old Curiosity Shop; Hard Times.

picLyme Hall, Disley, CheshireFurther Links:
Wigan Advertisements - 1960
Vulcan Foundry; Trustee Savings Bank; Battye & Sons;   Walker Brothers;  Bradley's Schoolwear;  Pendlebury's/Wiend Press;    James Lowe;  JJB Sports;  Bridge and Sons;  Worsley Mesnes Ironworks;  Sutcliffe Speakman - Leigh.
Upholland Telephone Exchange c1963
A new era in the history of Upholland as the village transistions from a manual telephone exchange in Parliament Street to a modern (for the sixties) Strowger automatic system, with subscriber trunk dialling in Church Street.